More than 1.5 billion people live in conflict-affected countries. Most of these countries are rich in valuable natural resources, which, if well managed, can drive economic growth and prosperity.
After achieving peace, the governments in these countries need a sustainable flow of income in order to sustain peace, reinforce statebuilding, increase resilience and provide for basic services. ...However, weak institutional capacity to appropriate natural resources often fuels tensions between growth, conflict and sustainability, in parallel with undue interference from foreign interests or corruption practices.
Countries that are rich in natural resources often fail to secure a fair share of the revenues generated by the extractive sector and other resources, suffering also from lack of investment and/or harmful practices.
In some cases, including in richer countries, the “resource curse” has aggravated social and political conflicts, as well as indebtedness and increased social and regional inequalities. Countries are often trapped within a vicious circle in which they are simultaneously rich and poor. A sustainable, transparent, inclusive and effective governance of natural resources such as water/oceans, land and commodities (minerals, oil) is crucial for countries with fragilities. The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development recognizes in several ways, including under SDG 12 on responsible consumption and production, the importance of achieving sustainable management and efficient use of natural resources. However, achieving these goals is a complex endeavour as it depends upon political, economic and security factors, local, regional and global.
The conference was held in the EDP Auditorium in Lisbon and contributed to create a framework of good governance and management of natural resources, in order to sustain peace and build resilience and development.
This is the first of a series of biennial thematic Conferences organised by the g7+ and the Lisbon Club to raise awareness and discuss challenges faced by fragile and conflict-affected countries.
Dionísio Babo Soares, Minister of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation of East Timor
Francisco Seixas da Costa, Chair of the Lisbon Club
Resilience, Development and Fragility
Jorge Moreira da Silva, Director of Development Cooperation of OECD, and Minister of Environment, Energy and Spatial Planning 2013-2015
Luís Amado, Chairman of the General and Supervisory Board of EDP, and Portuguese Minister of State and Foreign Affairs 2006-2011
Xanana Gusmão, Eminent Person of the g7+, and President 2002-2007 and Prime Minister 2007-2015 of East Timor
Bárbara Reis, Journalist, Público
Paul Collier, Professor, University of Oxford
Moderator: Raquel Vaz Pinto, Researcher IPRI - Nova Lisbon University
Governance and Sustainability of Natural Resources
Adebayo Olukoshi, Director for Africa and West Asia, International IDEA
Audrey Gaughran, Senior Director for Regional Programmes, Natural Resources Governance Institute
Helena Freitas, Coordinator of the Center for Functional Ecology, University of Coimbra
John Grant, Vice President for International Government Affairs, Anadarko Petroleum Corporation, USA
Vannak Chhun, Director of ASEAN Study Center, University of Cambodia
Waliullah Zadran, Deputy Minister, Ministry of Mines and Petroleum, Afghanistan
António Pereira Neves, Journalist, LUSA
Francis Kai-Kai, Minister of Planning and Economic Development of Sierra Leone, Chair of the g7+
José Ramos-Horta, Nobel Peace Prize laureate and President of East Timor 2007-2012
Ana Santos Pinto, Secretary of State of National Defence