Integration Dilemmas and Trends

The integration dilemmas and trends in EUROPE were the central focus of this panel. The various faces of populism rising in several European countries were addressed, from the North European populism linked to immigration issues to the Eastern European strong populism linked to a new nationalism. The speakers questioned if Brussels is doing what is necessary to preserve the European project, concluding that the European Union is no less democratic than its member states and that the European future relies on the hands of the national governments. The negative effects of Brexit, the way the United States perceive Europe, the historical developments of a European continent squeezed between Russia and the United States, Franco-German relations and the new role of French foreign policy in the European context were also discussed.